One of the major cities making up the Silicon Valley high-tech hub, Sunnyvale, California, is in Santa Clara County. It borders the San Francisco Bay and parts of San Jose to the north, Cupertino to the south, Santa Clara to the east and Mountain View to the west, and is on the historic El Camino Real, as well as on Highway 101. The city's population has remained virtually unchanged since the 2000 census, growing only 0.3% in 2008 from 2000 to a little over 132,000. The city has a total area of 22.6 square miles.
Sunnyvale was incorporated in 1912, and today is home to a wealthy population, pushing up Sunnyvale real estate prices. In 2008, the median annual income for a household in the city was estimated at around $90,000, with per capita income at around $45,000. Meanwhile Sunnyvale homes were measured to have a median value of $726,000. No ethnic group or race has a majority in the city, and it is quite diverse, populated with residents of all heritages and backgrounds. The nearest hospital is just three miles away in Santa Clara.
Owing to its proximity in Silicon Valley, almost 45% of the city's residents are employed in the computer and electronics industry. Sunnyvale is also home to the headquarters for several high-tech companies like Maxim Integrated Products, Juniper Networks, Palm Inc., AMD, NetApp, Spansion, Yahoo!, Mirapoint and Ariba. It also has a high presence in the aerospace and defense industry, with Lockheed Martin, Honeywell, Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems, and Spirent Communications with offices or operations in the city. Sunnyvale is the site of the U.S. Onizuka Air Force Station, the primary artificial satellite control facility of the U.S. military. Unemployment levels were reaching high levels in October 2009 in Sunnyvale, when the unemployment rate was 10.2%, versus 12.3% for California as a whole.
Children who live in Sunnyvale are assigned to schools in the Santa Clara Unified, Cupertino Union and Sunnyvale school districts, with three high schools, four middle schools and more than a dozen elementary schools located in the city's confines. major private schools include the King's Academy, St. Martin Elementary, Rainbow Montessori, South Peninsula Hebrew Day School and the French American School of Sunnyvale. For navigating in and around Sunnyvale, residents can take the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority light rail or buses or the Caltrain commuter rail. Three area airports serve the city: Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport, about 10 miles away, and the airports in San Francisco and Oakland. Attractions in Sunnyvale include the Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum, the Sunnyvale Municipal Golf Course, the Sunken Gardens Golf Course, and the Sunnyvale Community Center. There are more than a dozen shopping centers and several city parks, including Las Palmas Park, Ortega Park, Washington Park near downtown and Baylands Park. The Sunnyvale Public Library is housed within the Sunnyvale Civic Center.
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